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Replacing Standard Incandescent Light Bulbs with LED Light Bulbs

by Barbara 14. April 2014 07:31

Question about when, where and how to replace incandescent light bulbs with LED bulbs.

Question: "How do I know what bulbs to purchase for replacements? Are there any places that I should not use an LED light bulb? They are certainly more expensive now that stores are selling 60 watt incandescent bulbs, 6 bulbs for $2.00. Thanks. Tim."

Answer: First, as many bloggers have noted, you have to see these bulbs as investments. You won't save hundreds of dollars in a year or two on your electric bill unless you have a huge building that needs all its lights replaced. The savings comes over time and with convenience, the convenience of not having to replace light bulbs in rooms where lamps or ceiling fixtures are on for many hours per day or year. LED stands for "light emitting diodes."

Second, you must make sure that replacement bulbs are dimmable ones for lamps or fixtures that have that feature. And there are no "3 way" bulbs like 50/100/150 available as yet.

Third, there are no 60 watt, 75 watt, etc. bulbs. Every bulb is rated in lumens. Lumens are the amount of light that is produced when a bulb is powered on.

Here is a basic chart that should help:

Incandescent Bulb Wattage             Lumens           LED Bulb Watt Equivalent

25 watt                                          250                4-9 Watts

40 watt                                          450                9-13

60 watt                                          800                13-15

75 watt                                          1100              18-25

100 watt                                        1600              23-30

125 watt                                        2000              22-40

150 watt                                        2600              40-45

Warm white is the preferred color for most people in their homes.  2,700 and 3,500 Kelvin are what you are looking to purchase for home use.

So remember that lumens are what you are looking for, not wattage.

Here is an A19 LED 60 watt equivalent bulb that Safe Home now sells. Equvalent to a 40-60 watt incandescent bulb yet uses only 8 watts of electricity. Epistar LED chip. Warm white color. Short neck. Not dimmable. 3000K. 180 degree beam angle.

As Safe Home continues to add LED bulbs, I'll be adding them to this blog.

Thanks for your question.

Sincerely, Barbara

 

Reflector Style LED Lights for Gradual Replacement of Ceiling Reflector Light Bulbs Reduce Costs for Businesses and Homeowners

by Barbara 10. March 2014 09:58

Question about the Dimmable BR30 16 Watt LED Short Neck Light Bulbs to replace reflector type ceiling bulbs.

Question: "These light bulbs look a lot like the incandescent lights in our family room ceiling. Changing them is a real pain: requires a very tall ladder. We do like to dim the lights when we watching TV. Is it possible to mix these? The cost is a lot more. We don't like fluorescent bulbs: takes too long to come on and cannot be dimmed. How long should these bulbs last? What could our power savings be?" Thanks. Devin.

Answer: These dimmable LED short neck bulbs resemble the reflector type spot light bulbs. The warm white glow is similar to an incandescent bulb. Each bulb gives essentially the maximum light of a 100 watt bulb when not dimmed yet uses only 16 watts of power. Figure on about 3 years or 50,000 hours of use per bulb. The light is instant on, not like a CFL type bulb. BR30 light bulbs have an expanded reflector: the results are  narrow soft-edged rays and fewer shadows. Use these LED light bulbs for spot lights, flood lights and indoor lighting. 180 degree beam. This is a UL listed light bulb.

LEDs, or light–emitting diodes, are semiconductor devices that produce visible light when an electrical current is passed through them. LEDs are a type of Solid State Lighting (SSL), as are organic light–emitting diodes (OLEDs) and light–emitting polymers (LEPs).

Incandescent bulbs are inexpensive except for the 65 to 100 watts of energy used. (And 100 watt bulbs are hard to find these days.)Here in Iowa the cost per KWH (killawatt hour) is about 7.2 cents, the 12th less expensive in the USA. In the north east the cost can be as high as 18 cents per KWH. The price of LED lights is going down. My son recently began replacing burnt out reflector type bulbs in his ceilings with LED's to lower his power costs over time and to avoid dealing with ladders in rooms with vaulted ceilings. He figured this was less expensive than installing motion sensors to turn off lights in rooms where there was no movement. (His children support the Linn County REC by forgetting to turn off lights when they leave rooms).

We also sell replacement bulbs that look just like incandescent lights in the shape. These LED bulbs use only 8 watts but give the light of a 40-60 watt incandescent bulb. LED Bulb A19 8W, 40-60 Watt Equiv., Warm White, Short Neck. Again figure on 50,000 hours or 3 years continuous use.

Another option to the reflector lights is the COB PAR30 Dimmable LED Bulb, Warm White, 16 W, Short Neck. This has a narrow beam of 60 degrees. Also an Energy Star bulb. COB stands for "Chip on Board." Again UL Listed and Dimmable.

We hope this helps with your decision!
Sincerely,Barbara

HEPA Filter Cartridge on Amaircare 3000 Portable Air Purifier-How Often to Change the Filter?

by Barbara 12. July 2010 13:48

Question about the Amaircare HEPA Filter Air Purifier Model 3000.

Q: "How often should I change the HEPA filter in my Amaircare 3000 portable air cleaner? I have cats and dogs and use it in my bedroom because my husband is allergic. Thanks." Susan

Answer: Usually the HEPA is changed every 2 to 3 years depending upon where the air purifier is used. What is as important is to wipe off the outside of the metal cabinet regularly and to change the pre-filters and inner filters regularly. Typically the outer filter is changed every 3 to 4 months and the inner filter every 6 months. The outer filter is made from foam and can be washed with detergent and water. The inner filter is made from a pure carbon blanket media that removes VOC's (volatile organic compounds like formaldehyde, paint thinner, etc.) and is not washable.

Americair manufactures its own Amaircare® brand HEPA filters in Canada. Filament is bonded to air filter media for structural support and even pleat spacing. After pleating, filters are enclosed in protective screens and cast in food-grade plastisol at both ends for a 100% air seal. 100 square feet of HEPA filtration material captures the smallest particulates. Each Amaircare HEPA filter is then tested for 99.97% efficiency, with a laser particle counter.

The Amaircare 3000 HEPA filter is a 16 inch cartridge filter that also fits the Amaircare 3050 and and Amaircare 4000. (These units are no longer made.) The same intervals should be followed for the other Amaircare air purifiers which include the Amaircare 2500 and the Roomaid with the VOC canister filter or with the standard HEPA and pre- and post-filters. There are also VOC cartridge filters that can be added to all these air purifiers.

Important: Always replace a HEPA air filter if an air purifier is turned off for more than 3 to 5 days. HEPA is a medium in which bacteria, viruses, etc. can grow if moisture collects in the filter media. Constant air flow keeps the HEPA filter media dry and free of such contaminants. I confess that I take my canister vacuum cleaner into the bedroom, remove the outer filter, lay it on the floor and vacuum it off with the floor tool every few weeks. We have two Boston Terriers  and two cats so the dust raised is incredible. I wipe out the interior with a microfiber cloth.

Thank you for your question.

Sincerely, Barbara

Lumens and Durability of a Solar 80 LED Outdoor Motion Security Light

by Barbara 16. June 2009 08:45

Question about the product Product Code: =TD-MXS-40225, the Maxsa Innovations Motion-Activated 80 LED Security Floodlight.

Q: "Are the led lights changeable on this Maxsa Innovations Motion-Activated 80 LED Security Floodlight? What number of lumens does this light give?" Neel

Answer: No, the 80 LED's are not changeable. However, they are rated for 30,000 to 40,000 hours of on time. The lumens are about that of a 40 watt halogen lamp.

Recently, a residential treatment center in New York state chose to equip their center with these lights as a cost-saving, security measure. For this security light, you need a ladder and not an electrician to install the lights. And with solar power you save on electricity, too. The 15 foot cable to the solar panel even lets you install the light inside a building if you choose. Included is a 6V 4ah sealed lead acid rechargeable battery. This light can detect motion up to 35 feet away within a 180 degree detection area. Time, motion sensitivity and LUX (daylight sensitivity) adjustments. And the light can activate up to 360 times on one charge when on for a minute at a time.

Thanks for your question.
Sincerely, Barbara